Many important humanitarian problems have been pulled back by the COVID-19 crisis for the past couple of years, and the virus has made humanitarian problems worse in recent times. Humanitarian problems are also increasing due to climatic conditions, wars, and natural disasters. These alarming problems tend to make the lives of millions of people blighted and vulnerable. Despite all the efforts and various plans all over the world against COVID-19, other humanitarian problems must also be addressed. The solutions to these problems may not be as easy as playing polskie kasyno online. Let us walk through such most important humanitarian problems to be solved and need serious attention.
The adverse situation in political circumstances leads to refugee crises due to civil war and armed attacks. Due to this massive famine and a lot of deaths are caused. As per United Nations Refugee Agency, 70 to 80 million people around the world are compelled to flee from their homeland only because of this political crisis.
According to the United Nations, 90% of overall disasters are caused by way of climatic changes. Environmental causes play a vital role in hitting the humanitarian crises. The undesirable stat is that in the past twenty years, the number of disaster occurrences doubled in terms of floods, devastating storms, heatwaves, and droughts; eventually sweeping away millions of human lives. People are forced to emigrate from one place to another causing huge climate displacements. Around 1.25 million people were killed between the years 2000 and 2020 by way of natural disasters. During this period, the world has faced a tsunami in 2004, earthquakes, cyclones, and the worst drought.
Over 1.6 billion people around the world still live without access to fundamental medical facilities, as confirmed by World Health Organization-WHO. Infectious diseases, Epidemics contribute a massive inclination to humanitarian problems. In 2014 and 2016, due to Ebola 30,000 people were infected and out of which 11,000 people died. In 2018, Malaria killed 4,00,000 people. We all know that HIV has already killed 30 million people globally and remains a threat. Every year about 1,40,000 people are killed by Cholera, due to water contamination and improper sanitation.
Water and sanitation
Every human has a fundamental right to have clean water, although only in rich countries do people have access to clean, safe drinking water. On the other hand, 2.2 billion poor people are still daily facing lots of challenges to quench their thirst, no matter whether it is safe to drink or not but have to walk a long distance to reach the water sources, and there too waiting in the queue. Every year more people are killed by using various diseases caused by unsafe water and lack of proper sanitation. The most important humanitarian problem to be solved would be addressing this lack of access to clean and safe drinking water, else due to water scarcity, a great threat of worldwide displacement among 700 million people in search of clean and safe water facilities will occur by 2030.
All these humanitarian problems need to be solved by improving all kinds of disaster management techniques and by minimizing the crisis caused by humans.